Health

Zika Virus Guidelines 2021: Zika Virus Symptoms, Treatments

A new virus spread in India (Zika Virus) know about zika virus symptoms, treatment, structure, and zika virus vaccine with zika virus guidelines 2021,

Zika virus is primarily transmitted by the bite of an infected mosquito from the Aedes genus, mainly Aedes aegypti, in tropical and subtropical regions. Aedes mosquitoes usually bite during the day, peaking during early morning and late afternoon/evening. This is the same mosquito that transmits dengue, chikungunya, and yellow fever.

Zika virus can also be transmitted from mother to fetus during pregnancy, sexual intercourse, blood and blood product transfusions, and organ transplants. In October 2015, Brazil reported a link between Zika virus infection and microcephaly. The epidemic broke out soon, and there is evidence that it spread across the country.

North and South America, Africa, and the rest of the world. So far, 86 countries and regions have recorded evidence of mosquito-borne Zika virus infection. In most cases, there will be no symptoms. In some cases, the Zika virus can cause paralysis (Guillain-Barré syndrome). It can cause birth defects in pregnant women.

Zika virus and GuillainBarré syndrome

Scientists now believe that the Zika virus is the cause of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), a serious neurological disease. The risk of developing GBS after infection with the Zika virus is currently unknown, but it is estimated to be very low.

How to Identify the Zika Virus Symptoms in People?

Most people have mild or no symptoms. When symptoms appear, they are usually mild and last for 2 to 7 days. Common symptoms are

  • Skin rash
  • Itching all over the body
  • High fever • Headache
  • Arthralgia (may be swollen, mainly in the small joints of the arms and legs)
  • Muscle pain.
  • Red eyes (conjunctivitis)
  • Back pain
  • Pain behind the eyes

How do you Identify the Zika virus Infection?

In most cases, Zika virus disease is transmitted by an infected mosquito that bites a person. Unlike mosquitoes that spread malaria, infected mosquitoes (Aedes) are most active during the day, especially at noon in the morning and late in the day before dusk. There are few reports of sexual transmission of the Zika virus, although the risk is considered low.

Important Unknown facts about Zika virus Infection

Know the Most Important Facts about Zika Virus,

  • Zika virus disease is caused by a virus that is mainly transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes during the day.
  • Symptoms are usually mild and include fever, rash, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, discomfort or headache. Symptoms usually last 2-7 days. Most people infected with Zika virus do not experience symptoms.
  • Infection with Zika virus during pregnancy can cause microcephaly and other birth defects, known as infant congenital Zika syndrome. Zika virus infection is also associated with other pregnancy complications, including premature delivery and miscarriage.
  • Zika virus infection in adults and children increases the risk of neurological complications, including Guillain-Barré syndrome, neuropathy, and myelitis.

The first Zika virus disease outbreak was reported in Yap, Federated States of Micronesia in 2007, followed by a larger Zika virus outbreak in French Polynesia and other parts of the Pacific in 2013. In March 2015, Brazil reported a large-scale rash outbreak, which was quickly identified as a Zika virus infection, and in July 2015 a link with GuillainBarre syndrome was discovered.

In October 2015, Brazil reported a link between Zika virus infection and microcephaly. Evidence of transmission soon surfaced in the United States, Africa, and other parts of the world. To date, a total of 86 countries and regions have reported evidence of mosquito-borne Zika virus infection.

Zika virus Treatment

There is no specific treatment for Zika virus infection. To relieve symptoms, give yourself plenty of rest and drink plenty of water to prevent dehydration. Over-the-counter acetaminophen (Tylenol, etc.) can help relieve joint pain and fever. The symptoms of Zika virus infection are similar to other mosquito-borne diseases such as dengue fever.

If you feel unwell after traveling to an area where mosquito-borne diseases are common, see a doctor. Do not take ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, etc.), naproxen sodium (Aleve), or aspirin until your doctor has ruled out dengue fever. These drugs increase the risk of serious complications from dengue fever.

Zika Virus Vaccine

A team of virologists led by Professor Eric Gowens and Ph.D. Branca Grubor Bauck of the Basil Hetzel Institute for Translational Medicine has developed a vaccine with the support of the Hospital Research Foundation to prevent Zika virus infection in preclinical models of the disease.

Read Also:

Zika Virus Diagnosis

If your doctor suspects that you have Zika virus, they may recommend blood or urine tests to help confirm the diagnosis. Blood or urine samples can also be used to detect other similar mosquitoborne diseases.

If you have no symptoms of Zika virus but you or your partner have recently been to an area where the Zika virus is actively spreading, please consult your doctor if you need to be tested. If you are pregnant and at risk of contracting the Zika virus, your doctor may also recommend one of the following procedures:

  • Ultrasound examination of the fetal brain for problems,
  • amniocentesis, which involves inserting a cannula into the uterus to examine the amniotic fluid sample to take fluid. (Amniocentesis) and tested for Zika virus.

Zika Virus Guidelines 2021 : How to safe your femely from zila Virus?

Zika Virus Guidelines 2021: Seek advice from a doctor, nurse, or travel clinic before traveling, preferably 4-6 weeks before travel. This A to Z guide will help you check whether there is a risk of Zika virus transmission in the country you are visiting. You can also find detailed travel health tips for your destination on the TravelHealthPro website or Zika.

To reduce the risk of infection, avoid being bitten by Aedes mosquitoes. Day and night anti-bite techniques include:

  • After using sunscreen, apply an insect repellent containing DEET (N, N-diethyl methyl ethanolamide) to the exposed skin (pregnant women or babies can use up to concentrations of 50% DEET). And infants and children over 2 months old, but should not be used for infants under 2 months old).
  • Wear loose clothing that covers arms and legs
  • Sleep under mosquito nets in areas that are also at risk of malaria

Zika virus Guidelines for pregnant women

The scientists concluded that there is ample evidence that Zika virus infection is the cause of birth defects, including microcephaly. Microcephaly means that the baby‘s head is abnormally small, which may be caused by abnormal brain development. Such as congenital Zika syndrome.

Specific advice for pregnant women planning to travel to affected countries or regions can be found in the Other Risks section. Discuss your travel plans with the therapist, nurse, or travel clinic.

This is inevitable and you need to be extra careful to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes. If you and your partner are currently at risk of spreading the Zika virus, be sure to use condoms during travel and prolonged vagina, anal and oral sex. Your pregnancy.

  • If you are pregnant and have recently returned from a country or area at risk of Zika virus transmission, please consult your doctor or obstetrician and tell them where you have been, even if you are not unwell. Your midwife or hospital doctor will discuss the risks with you and arrange an ultrasound scan of your baby to monitor his growth.
  • If you have any questions, you will be referred to a specialized fetal medical service agency for follow-up care. When symptoms appear, currently available tests are more likely to detect Zika virus.
  • If you currently have symptoms of Zika virus, please contact your primary care doctor. Who decides whether to investigate. If you are pregnant, the test may include blood tests and ultrasound. People without symptoms cannot be screened for Zika virus.

How to avoid The Zika virus during pregnancy?

The National Travel Health Centre and Network (NaTHNaC) recommends the following: • Pregnant women should avoid going to high-risk areas and avoid going to medium-risk areas.

Male partners traveling to high-to-medium-risk areas should use condoms (or other effective barrier methods) throughout pregnancy and throughout intercourse in high- or medium-risk areas. Women with male partners in high-risk areas should avoid conception within six months of returning, and it is best to use condoms (or other effective barrier methods) every time they have sex to prevent mosquito bites.

FAQs

How to treat Zika virus infection?

There is no specific treatment for Zika virus symptoms. Drinking plenty of water and taking acetaminophen can relieve symptoms. If you feel unwell after returning from a malaria country, in addition to the risk of spreading the Zika virus, you should urgently seek advice (on the day) to rule out a malaria diagnosis. If you find that malaria is not the cause, see a doctor.

What if I suspect that my child may be infected with the Zika virus?

Seek advice from your midwife or doctor. After receiving your PCP’s guarantee, if you are still worried and feel more anxious or stressed than usual, you can ask your GP or midwife to refer you for further advice.

Is there a vaccine for Zika Virus?

No, there is no specific medicine or vaccine for the Zika virus.

Who developed the Zika virus vaccine?

A team of virologists led by Professor Eric Gowens and Ph.D. Branca Grubor Bauck of the Basil Hetzel Institute for Translational Medicine has developed a vaccine with the support of the Hospital Research Foundation to prevent Zika virus infection in preclinical models of the disease.

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